There are different uses of groundwater wells in the Las Vegas Valley. Below are examples:
A domestic well serves a single home without a water right permit. Domestic
well water usage may not exceed 1,800 gallons per day. Thousands of these
wells exist in the Las Vegas Valley. One goal of the Groundwater Management
Program is to involve domestic well owners in finding solutions to problems
such as overdrafting.
A community well (also known as a quasi-municipal well) has a number of
homes connected to it. Hundreds of these wells exist in the valley. A
water permit for a community well allows 1,000 gallons per day, per home.
Water usage may not exceed 365,000 gallons per year, per home. All quasi-municipal wells are required to have a meter, and accurate
readings must be kept of all water pumped from the well. The goal
of the Groundwater Management Program is to develop solutions that will
benefit these well users and protect the long-term value of the local
Commercial and Industrial Wells
Many golf courses and other commercial businesses own and operate wells.
Although the amount of groundwater they use is typically limited by permit,
these businesses and their employees rely heavily on that water for their
economic livelihood. For this reason, the businesses have a vested interest
in finding ways to protect the long-term quantity and quality of water
in the groundwater basin.
Small Water Companies
In most cases, a small water company is another type of community well
owner. There are many private water companies in the Las Vegas Valley
and all of them are subject to the same issues and concerns experienced
by other well owners.
Municipal Water Providers Who Own Wells
In the Las Vegas Valley, city water is managed on a regional basis among
several municipal providers. Two of these providers own and operate wells
to help meet peak demands for water in the summer. This cooperation in
managing supply and demand means the groundwater basin is an important
resource that indirectly affects everyone in the valley, including residents
who are on a municipal water system.