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Groundwater Wells
There are different uses of groundwater wells in the Las Vegas Valley. Below are examples:

Domestic Wells
A domestic well serves a single home without a water right permit. Domestic well water usage may not exceed 1,800 gallons per day. Thousands of these wells exist in the Las Vegas Valley. One goal of the Groundwater Management Program is to involve domestic well owners in finding solutions to problems such as overdrafting.

Community Wells
A community well (also known as a quasi-municipal well) has a number of homes connected to it. Hundreds of these wells exist in the valley. A water permit for a community well allows 1,000 gallons per day, per home. Water usage may not exceed 365,000 gallons per year, per home. All quasi-municipal wells are required to have a meter, and accurate readings must be kept of all water pumped from the well. The goal of the Groundwater Management Program is to develop solutions that will benefit these well users and protect the long-term value of the local groundwater basin.

Commercial and Industrial Wells
Many golf courses and other commercial businesses own and operate wells. Although the amount of groundwater they use is typically limited by permit, these businesses and their employees rely heavily on that water for their economic livelihood. For this reason, the businesses have a vested interest in finding ways to protect the long-term quantity and quality of water in the groundwater basin.

Small Water Companies
In most cases, a small water company is another type of community well owner.  There are many private water companies in the Las Vegas Valley and all of them are subject to the same issues and concerns experienced by other well owners.

Municipal Water Providers Who Own Wells
In the Las Vegas Valley, city water is managed on a regional basis among several municipal providers. Two of these providers own and operate wells to help meet peak demands for water in the summer. This cooperation in managing supply and demand means the groundwater basin is an important resource that indirectly affects everyone in the valley, including residents who are on a municipal water system.

 


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